Gombe Technical Education Journal 2020-09-13T09:39:16+00:00 Oguntunde Gabriel Open Journal Systems <p>Gombe Technical Education Journal is a multi-disciplinary journal aimed at promoting the consolidated view of education in solving real world problems in education across different aspect related education. The journal mainly focuses on the publications of high impact research with the highest level research application in education. Accepted manuscripts are published online immediately before the final publication with volume and pagination.</p> Towards Ensuring an Inclusive Day Care Childhood Education 2020-09-13T09:39:15+00:00 Rakiya Audu <p>Inclusive daycare childhood education implies the provision of education that<br>would ensure the successful transition of all children from home to primary<br>school. For this to be achieved, the special learning needs of all categories of<br>children must be considered as both children with and without visible disabilities<br>have access to regular daycare settings. This paper looked at the definition of<br>early childhood inclusion vis-à-vis early childhood education. The paper also<br>outlines the objectives of early childhood education as stipulated by the National<br>Policy on Education. Benefits of inclusive day care and the role of<br>teachers/caregivers as well as ways of planning a successful implementation of<br>early childhood inclusion was also discussed.</p> 2020-09-13T08:06:56+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE NEED FOR IMPROVED TEACHING STRATEGIES IN TECHNICAL EDUCATION SECTOR FOR ACHIEVING QUALITY TECHNICAL EDUCATION 2020-09-13T09:39:15+00:00 Aminu Tijjani Umar <p>Nigeria in recent years has realized a rapid drop in its quality of education. This<br>is perhaps as a result of poor implementation of the educational policies. It is no<br>doubt that no nation can rise above its quality of education. Quality education<br>could only be achieved if all the education stakeholders put hands on deck in<br>ensuring that educational plans and policies are well implemented at all levels.<br>This paper recognizes Teacher as the principal actor in the implementation of<br>educational policies. This motivated the writer to make critical look at teaching<br>strategies adopted by technical teachers and the ways to improve them, for<br>achieving quality education specifically in Technical education programmes. An<br>attempt was made in this paper to stress the need for improving teaching strategies<br>in the technical education sector for achieving quality technical education in<br>Nigeria. The paper also examined technical education in the present-day Nigeria.<br>It further highlighted the role of teachers in the implementation of technical<br>education policies and the competences needed in technical teachers to achieve<br>educational goals. The paper then examined some of the factors militating against<br>effective teaching and learning technology education in Nigeria. Finally, the paper<br>recommended among others; educational administrators and policy makers to<br>motivate the changing agent (Teachers), periodic workshops and seminars for<br>teachers as essential in improving teaching strategies</p> 2020-09-13T08:14:29+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Role of Technical and Vocational Education in Revamping Nigerian Economy 2020-09-13T09:39:15+00:00 Okafor Emily Chinelo Amanze Chinwe Rhoda Saki Awak <p>In recent times, numerous attempts have been made by individuals,<br>philanthropists, NGOs and the government in contributing to the growth and<br>development of technical and vocational education in Nigeria. These averages<br>range from funding, donation of equipment/facilities, building of classroom/library<br>among others. In spite of these efforts, the quality of vocational and technical<br>education in Nigeria has not yet reached the standard that could bring about<br>economic transformation of the nation. This paper therefore attempted to examine<br>the challenges faced by Technical and Vocational Education in Nigeria, and<br>recommended among others that, government should promote the continuity of<br>technical and vocational education through training and retraining of Vocational<br>and Technical Education educators and regular funding of Vocational and<br>Technical Education projects in Nigeria.</p> 2020-09-13T08:21:34+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The High-Stake of Helping Students to Achieve a Solid Foundation in Understanding and Solving Fractions 2020-09-13T09:39:15+00:00 Bello D Oluyinka Etuk E Dan Emenike E Ohaebosim <p>This paper examined the importance of helping students to achieve a solid<br>foundation in understanding and solving fractional problems. Since students don’t<br>come to the classroom as blank-slate, they have their own theories constructed<br>from their everyday experience. Unfortunately, some of these theories are incomplete and half-truth. The factors contributing to the widespread challenges<br>associated with learning and teaching of fractions were highlighted: ways of<br>improving the teaching of fractional concept to help students’ understanding of<br>fractions were discussed. Many teachers frequently observe students in their<br>classrooms use inappropriate whole number strategies when solving fraction<br>problems and when students exhibit these errors, they provide opportunities for<br>teachers to adapt their lessons to address such errors. Finally, the researchers<br>propose activities and methods that can be used to allow students to better<br>understand fractions and to reduce the complexity they face when dealing with<br>calculations involving fractions.</p> 2020-09-13T08:28:06+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Social Media Platforms Used in Provision and Access of Information Resources in Academic Libraries for Achieving Equitable and Quality Education in Nigeria 2020-09-13T09:39:15+00:00 Mohammed Bello Ahmed Hassan Salama Dala Chukwudum Maureen Jegbefumea Abdullahi Abubakar Dewa <p>The paper explored the concept of social media platforms as it’s used for provision,<br>access, and use of information resources in academic libraries in achieving equitable<br>and quality education in Nigeria. The paper also identified some of the social media<br>tools such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Blog, Wikis, Myspace, Social<br>bookmarking, LinkedIn and Flickr, these platforms have certain potentials for the<br>library to advocate, facilitate, communicate much closer relationships between<br>libraries and their patrons (library users) wherever users are located, and however<br>they choose to learn about access to library services and resources and its further<br>provide more opportunities to reach the user community, target specific audiences<br>and give users a chance to interact with the library. Currently, libraries advertise their<br>services such as opening hours, locations, website information, newly acquired<br>information materials, library outreach programmes etc through these social media<br>tools for the purpose of meeting the new challenges brought by the 21st century.<br>However, the highlight some challenges facing libraries through the use of social<br>media platforms among others are Lack of Awareness, Technophobia, resistance to<br>change, Privacy Concern, Decrease Productivity, Insufficient funds and Power outage<br>coupled with poor internet connectivity. The paper provides conclusions for effective<br>use of social media tools in libraries.</p> 2020-09-13T08:36:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Library Services in Meeting the Information Needs of the Visually Impaired in Nigeria 2020-09-13T09:39:16+00:00 Chukwudum Maureen Jegbefumea Yaji Gayus Soro Mohammed Ibrahim <p>This paper focuses on the information resources and services that libraries provide<br>for the visually impaired to meet their information needs. Information rules the<br>world and the core duty of every library is to provide the right information at the<br>right time in the right format to its users not minding their physical health,<br>language, race, age, nationality, religion etc. Visual impairments are very common<br>disabilities in all countries of the world. Persons with visual impairment need<br>information resources in special formats to be able to access the resources in the<br>library. This paper examined the information resources/services available to the<br>visually impaired such as; Braille books, optical aids, talking books, large print<br>etc. It further discussed the “Adaptive or Assistive Technologies devices for the<br>visually impaired which are: voice recognition software, screen reader and screen<br>magnifier. The challenges militating against effective information service delivery<br>for the virtually impaired was looked into as architectural barriers, limited<br>financial and human resources, accessibility and utilization of information etc. It<br>concluded that if inclusive education must be achieved then libraries must<br>endeavour to provide specialized library services to the visually impaired as this<br>will give them a sense of belonging that will help them participate as active<br>members of the society. Training and retraining of staff, use of library guide, etc.<br>was recommended.</p> 2020-09-13T08:42:56+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Poverty Alleviation and Transformation of Nigerian Economy : A Panacea for Achieving Equitable Education in Nigeria 2020-09-13T09:39:16+00:00 Ibrahim Dauda Alhassan Joseph Kkuyedah Jonathan Sabo Turya <p>This paper discusses poverty alleviation in transforming Nigerian economy as a<br>means of achieving equitable education. It therefore attempts to define the<br>concept of poverty alleviation. It also looked at the approaches of transforming<br>Nigerian economy. Effects of poverty on equitable education in Nigeria were also<br>looked at, as well as poverty alleviation strategies in Nigeria. It therefore<br>recommended that the official development institutions are to be empowered for<br>effective performance to alleviate poverty, promote private initiatives to enhance<br>technology and all-round rural development geared toward eradication of poverty<br>and achieving the goal of sustainable development in Nigeria</p> 2020-09-13T08:49:34+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Roles of Language Education in Achieving Inclusive and Quality Education in Nigeria 2020-09-13T09:39:16+00:00 Ikeanumba P Daniel <p>This paper discussed the role of language education in achieving inclusive and<br>quality education in Nigeria. It tried to define the concepts of education, inclusive<br>education, quality education, and language education. An overview of inclusive<br>education which boarder on the emergence, aims, merits and demerits of inclusive<br>education were discussed. The paper also harped on the challenges facing<br>inclusive education and the role of language education in Nigeria. The<br>implications of achieving inclusive and quality education as they affect language<br>teachers, the students, curriculum planners, and the government of the country,<br>were also discussed. Finally, it was recommended that there is need for<br>professional training for language teachers and conclusion was made.</p> 2020-09-13T08:55:36+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effects of Ultraviolet Light on Growth and Yield of Tamatoes 2020-09-13T09:39:16+00:00 Mohammed Mallam Mohammed Maigari Mangadu Hauwau Mohammad M. Sule Buba Sarah Rukayya Sami Sami <p>A greenhouse experiment was conducted in 2017 and 2018 at the Federal<br>College of Education (Technical) Gombe Research Farm. Gombe, which is<br>located on 11º02!<br>Longitude East and 10º19!<br>latitude North has an average<br>elevation of 380 meter above sea level. This region belongs to the Northern<br>Guinea savannah ecological zone of Nigeria. To determine the effect of<br>Ultraviolet light on the Germination, Growth, and Physiological response of<br>Tomatoes, Tomatoes seedlings were exposed to different levels of Ultraviolet – B<br>for 12hours, 6hours and 3hours respectively, three growth parameters were<br>measured and analysed plant height, number of fruits set, and leaf greenness.<br>The analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the plant height exposed to the three levels<br>of UV-B shows a significant variations exist the calculated value of the Plant<br>height at Ultraviolet-B of 12hours in centimetre (79.2**) is higher than the table<br>value F Critical (2.5) that shows a highly significant level, and the means were<br>separated using LSD all the vertical means with the same letter do not differ<br>significantly at (P=0.005). A negative correlation existed between plant height<br>and number of fruits set at UV-B level of 12hours (r = -0.695) but positive<br>correlation exists between plant height and leaf greenness (r = 0.999). Positives<br>correlation was established between plant height at UV-B level of 6hours and<br>3hours against number of fruits set and leaf greenness. Graphical presentation of<br>plant height, number of fruits set, and leaf greenness against UV-B of 12hours,<br>6hours, and 3hours shows that plants at UV-B of 3hours performed better with<br>the highest curve. Plant height, leaf greenness, and number of fruits set have<br>shown a decrease, whereas other Physiological process are difficult to quantify<br>such as photosynthesis is by and large unaffected by heightened UV-B<br>illumination under this studies therefore, recognizes the need for further research<br>on different plants to determine the overall effects on various Physiological<br>process.</p> 2020-09-13T09:08:22+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nutrition A Tool for Achieving Inclusive and Equitable Quality Education 2020-09-13T09:39:16+00:00 Esther A. Mshelia Anisah J. Zongoro <p>This paper examines issues on inclusive and equitable quality education. It also<br>discussed nutrition and its role in achieving equitable quality education. It was<br>recommended among others that feeding should be practiced in all inclusion<br>schools for healthy living among the children and motivation to learn.<br>Government should establish and restructure schools with the reach of all<br>Nigerians children for equitable quality education.</p> 2020-09-13T09:14:56+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Teaching English Language in an Inclusive Class 2020-09-13T09:39:16+00:00 Ekpoki H. U. <p>English Language is core in the educational process of our country Nigeria,<br>considering that it is a language of instruction and commerce among others. This<br>paper examines the concept of inclusive education and its emergence following the<br>Salamanca declaration. Approaches of making inclusion successful are also<br>discussed. Teaching strategies to be adopted by teachers in inclusive classes are<br>discussed. Recommendations are also made for successful teaching of English<br>Language in inclusive settings</p> 2020-09-13T09:20:01+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Influence of Media on Teaching and Learning English Language in Selected Secondary Schools in Ogbomoso North LGA Oyo State 2020-09-13T09:39:16+00:00 Lydia Opeyemi Onifade Festus Onifade <p>The paper investigates the Influence of media on teaching and learning of English<br>Language in some selected secondary schools in Ogbomoso Oyo State. The<br>objectives of the study are to identify media available for teaching and learning of<br>English Language and to identify different types of media resources available to<br>find out the frequency to which instructional media are used in teaching English<br>Language, find out the influence of media on teaching learning English Language.<br>The paper adopted descriptive research design with a population of One Hundred<br>and twenty (120) respondents. Eighty (80) participants were used as sample. Eighty<br>(80) questionnaires were administered and retrieved. Data collected were<br>analyzed using simple percentage, tables and frequencies. The findings revealed<br>that, there was no any instructional media available in the selected secondary<br>schools. It was recommended that school management should make modern<br>instructional media available for teaching and learning. They include modern<br>media such as overhead projector, computers, video tapes, cameras, and<br>radio/television and film projectors to influences teaching and learning in this 21st<br>century. They should also ensure regular power supply for the electronic<br>instructional media in the schools. Conclusion, recommendations and suggestions<br>were made.</p> 2020-09-13T09:27:32+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effects of Planting Date and Period of Weed Control on the Growth and Yield of Cotton in Samaru, Zaria 2020-09-13T09:39:16+00:00 Mohammed Mallam Mustapha Yunusa Mohammed Maigari Mangadu <p>A field trial was conducted during the 2013 - 2014 cropping seasons at the<br>Teaching and Research Farm of Samaru College of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello<br>University. Zaria located between latitude 11°11'N and longitude 7°38'E in the<br>Northern guinea savannah ecological zone of Nigeria at an altitude of 686m above<br>sea level. The land was ploughed, harrowed and pulverized with a hand hoe to make<br>the soil level smooth and suitable for seed germination and establishment. The trial<br>was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with treatment<br>combinations of 7th May, 7th June, 7th July, 7th August, of 2013 - 2014 and weed<br>control of 0, 3, 6 and 9 weeks after sowing (WAS), replicated three times to give a<br>total of 16 sub plots. From the results, it was observed that planting cotton first<br>week June of every year and weeding once at 3 and 6weeks after sowing will<br>improve the performance of the crop in terms of growth and yield in Samaru, Zaria.<br>Therefore, farmers are advised to abide by this recommendation.</p> 2020-09-13T09:35:48+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##